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|Posted: Thu Nov 08, 2018 1:41 am Post subject: A 2012 report on rural education
|NAIROBI， Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- African governments and their multilateral partners should treat the rising burden of road accidents as a public health crisis that bodes ill for the continent's progress， a senior UN official said on Tuesday.
Jean Todt， the UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for Road Safety urged African countries to strengthen law enforcement， upgrade infrastructure and promote public awareness in order to reduce fatalities occasioned by road accidents.
"The burden of road accidents in Africa should be tackled through a multifaceted approach that includes better legislation， safer infrastructure and improved post-crash care，" Todt said.
He was speaking in Nairobi during a road safety workshop for English speaking African countries attended by senior officials from multilateral agencies， policymakers and researchers.
Statistics from the UN indicate that 250，000 people in Africa lose their lives annually due to road accidents that are blamed on poor traffic management and crumbled infrastructure.
Todt regretted that deaths linked to road accidents across Sub-Saharan Africa have surpassed the ones caused by infectious diseases like HIVAids and malaria.
"Road safety should be a political priority in Africa since it is directly linked to achievement of several UN sustainable development goals (SDGs). Access to safe and affordable transport systems is a prerequisite to spur Africa's growth and prosperity，" said Todt.
The majority of African countries have endorsed UN decade of action for road safety that calls for concerted efforts to halve the number of deaths arising from road accidents by 2020.
Todt said that behavior change among road users， better traffic management and infrastructure upgrade will help reduce the burden of road accidents in Africa that is to blame for a 5 percent loss of the continent's GDP.
"African governments should domesticate global instruments that seek to boost road safety. They should invest in data driven interventions to curb road accidents，" Todt remarked.
He revealed that UN member states are considering the creation of a fund to promote road safety in the global south where the challenge is more pronounced.
African countries should invest in modern technologies to strengthen traffic management in the light of rapid motorization linked to urbanization.
The Coordinator of Urban Basic Services Branch at the UN Human Settlements Program (UNHABITAT)， Andre Dzikus， said that besides policy reforms， technology adoption is key to boost road safety in African cities and rural towns.
"Better urban planning and design is key to promote road safety in African cities，" Dzikus remarked， adding that mobile applications could help predict accidents in the highways. Enditem
NANCHANG Cheap Air Max 97 Shockproof Shoes Black White Australia , Dec. 21 (Xinhua) -- Migrant worker Luo Yongping finally managed to secure a seat for his son at a reputable primary school in Nanchang, the city where he has toiled for nine years as a carpenter.
In September, the boy was crammed into an overcrowded first grade classroom at the primary school affiliated with Nanchang University in Nanchang, capital of east China's Jiangxi Province.
"Whatever the cost Cheap Air Max 97 Men's Shoes Silver Grey Red Australia , I would help my son lead a better life than mine -- specifically, better schooling and better work in the city," said 32-year-old Luo, who lamented the divide in education between urban and rural areas.
"I myself was not well educated Cheap Women's Air Max 97 Shockproof Light Pink Shoes Australia , and that's why I can only find backbreaking jobs here," he said.
Luo is representative of a growing number of Chinese migrant workers who have opted to bring their children to the city for quality education, rather than leaving them behind in the countryside.
However, the transfer of children to cities has led to losses of students for rural schools.
Located 35 km away from Nanchang Cheap Men's Air Max 97 OG GS Shoes All Black Australia , the Dazhuang Village Primary School in Luo's hometown has seen the number of its students more than halved in the past four years, according to principal Xiong Guilian.
With 22 students now, the school has been officially downgraded to a "teaching spot" that only covers the first three grades. Most rooms in the two-story schoolhouse are left unused.
"Every time a new semester started, I would find several children missing because they were taken to the town or city by their parents Cheap Men's Air Max 97 Shoes All Black Australia ," Xiong said, describing her feeling at the time as "bittersweet."
In Jinqiao township, which administers Dazhuang Village, the number of primary school students has plummeted by two-thirds since 2003 Cheap Air Max 97 Shoes Summit White Australia , with two village schools closed due to a lack of pupils.
Investigations by Xinhua reporters found a great many rural primary schools in Jiangxi, Hubei, Henan and Guizhou provinces are facing similar predicaments, as some "teaching spots" have fewer than 10 students.
A 2012 report on rural education Cheap Men's Air Max 97 Shoes All White Australia , issued by the 21th Century Education Research Institute, said between 2000 and 2010, an average of 63 primary schools, 30 teaching spots and three junior high schools disappeared every day in China's rural areas.
Vigorous urbanization is behind the vanishing schools. Government data showed the country's urbanization rate surged by 12.39 percentage points from 2000 to 2012 Cheap Air Max 97 Womens Australia , indicating more than 150 million farmers moved to urban areas over the period.
Migration to towns and cities might become easier for rural surplus labor in the future, as a high-level work conference that concluded last week pledged to push forward urbanization by enabling migrant workers to obtain urban status, allowing them to integrate better into cities.
"Most Chinese farmers believe that knowledge can change one's destiny, so they would move heaven and moon to get education opportunities for their kids Cheap Air Max 97 Mens Australia ," said Du Xingsheng, principal of the central primary school of Jinqiao township.
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